No matter what career path you choose, you’ll want to know how to get the most out of planning for the future.
After all, when you retire from your first career, many of your expenses will continue. There are still everyday bills to pay plus unexpected costs that can sneak up on you. Not to worry. If you maximize retirement savings, you can make the most of your next chapter.
From how much to save for retirement to what percentage of income should go to retirement, and how to replace your salary when you get there, here are six strategies that can help:
1. Take responsibility for your retirement
When our parents were starting out, they probably didn’t think about how much to save for retirement. Pensions were more common back then, particularly in the healthcare and education fields. As a result, many employees were all but guaranteed a lifetime income in retirement, typically based on their salary and years of experience.
2. Start to protect your income by using a diversified retirement plan
While you’re saving for retirement, it’s important to diversify your assets among different types of investments to help reduce your exposure to market risks. The same principle holds true for taking income in retirement: Creating an income plan that includes money from different sources can help you cover the expected, and unexpected, risks that can come with retirement.
There are a number of ways to create diversified retirement income. Combining at least a few of the sources that are listed in the following chart can help you better protect your income from the risks that retirement may bring.
The assets listed in the chart above can (and should) be included in a healthy, diversified retirement portfolio. If you include several asset classes in your long-term portfolio, the upswing of one asset class may help offset the downward movement of another as conditions change.
3. Create lifetime income with the potential to grow
With pensions becoming a thing of the past and Social Security replacing only a portion of preretirement paychecks, many people are turning to annuities as a source of guaranteed income that can last their entire lifetime. A diversified retirement plan that includes lifetime income from both fixed and variable annuities can offer you steady, reliable income for life—and the potential for continued growth.
Your employer may offer fixed and variable annuities that can strengthen your diversified retirement income needs and address risks you may face, as well. Annuities found within employer retirement plans are often lower priced than their retail counterparts.*
4. Save enough to get the match
Many people wonder what percentage of income should go to retirement. If your employer matches a portion of your contributions to your workplace plan, you’ll want to save at least enough to get that match. Otherwise, you’re walking away from free money.
For example, your employer may contribute a dollar for each dollar you save, up to 6% of your total salary. If you're deciding how much to contribute, missing the match by just a percentage point or two can make a big difference in your total savings.
5. See what a difference a few dollars can make
If you think you can't afford to contribute to your employer plan, consider this: Increasing your retirement plan contributions may help lower your overall taxable income.
For example, if you earn $50,000 a year and start to contribute $100 a week, your paycheck would be $75 less (assuming you are in the 25 percent federal tax bracket).
And saving any amount in a workplace plan, and getting it matched by your employer, means you’re getting at least some of your potential benefit.
6. Look for more ways to save for retirement
No matter how much or how little money you are able to save, it’s important that you start as soon as you can to maximize retirement savings and income for your future.
If you're finding it difficult to cover your everyday expenses and also put away savings, there are still some options. Check out TIAA's online insights about how to manage your money. Also, you can start envisioning your future by creating a customized action plan with our financial calculators.