72% of TIAA-CREF Mutual Funds received a Morningstar overall rating of 4- or 5-stars ( 48.28% 4 stars and 24.14% 5 stars ), based on risk-adjusted returns as of December 31, 2016 . Morningstar ratings based on the lowest cost share class for each mutual fund, based on U.S. open end mutual funds. For a fund with multiple share classes and the same pricing, the share class with the longest performance history is used. Morningstar ratings may be higher or lower on a monthly basis. Morningstar is an independent service that rates mutual funds. The top 10% of funds in an investment category receive five stars, the next 22.5% receive four stars and the next 35% receive three stars. Morningstar proprietary ratings reflect historical risk-adjusted performance and can change every month. They are calculated from the fund’s three-, five- and ten-year average annual returns in excess of 90-day Treasury bill returns with appropriate fee adjustments, and a risk factor that reflects fund performance below 90-day T-bill returns. The overall star ratings are Morningstar’s published ratings, which are weighted averages of its three-, five- and ten-year ratings for periods ended December 31, 2016 . Past performance cannot guarantee future results. For current performance and rankings, please visit TIAA.org/public/tcfpi/InvestResearch .
Please note: an individual’s income replacement ratio will vary from the study’s estimated rate based on a number of unique individual factors. Study results are not intended to project an individual’s actual ratio. The TIAA Retirement Income Index data is as of 12/31/2015 and it is based on 641,895 actively contributing participants from 450 TIAA record-kept plans. Using the participant’s current salary, age, contribution rates (employer/employee), asset allocation, and an assumed retirement age of 67, TIAA leverages the advice engine from Morningstar Investment Management, LLC, an independent expert retained by TIAA, to calculate the projected retirement income stream (including estimated Social Security benefits) in current dollars as a percentage of current salaries using Monte Carlo analysis (500 total simulations). The results indicate the participant’s 70% probability of achieving the retirement goal. A lower probability of success is associated with better (and less likely) estimated income; a higher probability is associated with lower estimated income. Please note the median income replacement ratio based on the analysis above is 87%. The Morningstar tool’s advice is based on statistical projections of the likelihood that an individual will achieve his or her retirement goals. The projections rely on financial and economic assumptions of historical rates of return of various asset classes that may not reoccur in the future, volatility measures and other facts, as well as information the individual provides.
IMPORTANT: Projections, and other information generated through the Retirement Income Index and the Ibbotson tool regarding the likelihood of various investment outcomes, are hypothetical, do not reflect actual investment results, and are not a guarantee of future results. Results may vary with each use and over time.
Source: TIAA Advice analysis of 71,583 TIAA participants who received retirement plan advice or guidance and took action in the 12 months ending 12/31/2015. The overall action rate of 71% includes 22% who chose to save more and 63% who chose to change their future allocations and/or rebalance their portfolio.