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Solid jobs report boosts odds of December rate hike and weighs on U.S. equities



November 06, 2015

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Global equities were mixed this week, as investors were cautious prior to the November 6 release of October’s U.S. employment report.

In the U.S., the S&P 500 Index got off to a fast start to begin the week, leaving it just short of its May record-high close. However, stocks faded as the week wore on. October’s strong jobs report fanned concerns that the Federal Reserve will raise rates in December, leaving the index with a gain of about 1% for the week.

Europe’s STOXX 600 Index returned -1.57% in U.S. dollar terms (+1.2% in local currency terms) for the week, a reflection of the euro’s falling from about 1.10 to 1.07 versus the U.S. currency. European Central Bank (ECB) President Mario Draghi drove the euro lower by reiterating his stance that the ECB remains prepared to ease monetary policy in December.

William Riegel, Chief Investment Officer, TIAA Investments


Article Highlights

Stocks in China rallied. Since bottoming in late August, Chinese equity markets have now entered bull-market territory, defined as a rise of more than 20% from recent lows.

Fixed income

Recent hawkish comments by Federal Reserve officials, combined with October’s better-than-expected jobs report, helped push U.S. Treasury yields higher. The yield on the Bellwether 10-year U.S. Treasury rose from 2.16% at the start of the week to 2.32% on November 6. (Yield and price move in opposite directions.) The yield on the two-year Treasury note, which is highly sensitive to changes in the Fed's rate policy outlook, jumped from 0.75% to 0.91% during the week, its highest level in more than five years.

Returns for spread sectors (higher-yielding, non-Treasury securities) were broadly negative for the week through November 5. High-yield corporate bonds, though, bucked that trend with a modest gain, supported by their fourth straight week of inflows. Current updates are available here. For additional insights from TIAA professionals, view our Weekly Market Perspective Video.

October’s jobs report far exceeds forecasts

The U.S. economy generated 271,000 jobs in October, while the unemployment rate edged down from 5.1% to 5.0%, its lowest level since April 2008. Most importantly, average hourly wages topped expectations by rising 0.4% in October and 2.5% versus a year ago. While the underlying economy’s trajectory has not materially changed recently, this report provides evidence that wages, which have struggled to gain traction, are finally beginning to rise.

Other U.S. economic releases were mixed. Among the reports:


October’s substantial increase in payrolls, and in particular, a long-awaited boost in wages, support our view that the Fed will raise rates in December; Chair Janet Yellen has viewed sustained wage growth as a key determinant of the health of the U.S. labor market. The equity correction that took place in August and September also points toward a December rate “liftoff,” as stocks tend to pull back about four months before the start of a tightening cycle. What will be key for markets, though, is not when the Fed finally pulls the trigger but its communications regarding the ultimate pace of rate hikes, which we believe will be slow and measured.

For U.S. equities, the S&P 500’s rise of more than 10% from its September bottom increases the likelihood of a correction. That said, we believe any decline will be shallow, offering potential buying opportunities. Looking toward year-end, investor sentiment remains at negative levels that may be a sign of a possible advance. In fixed-income markets, we continue to believe the best opportunities are available in the U.S., with short-dated asset-backed and commercial mortgage-backed securities among the sectors offering reasonable value.

Weekly Market Perspective

Weekly Market Perspective