WILLIAM RIEGEL, HEAD OF EQUITY INVESTMENTS
LISA BLACK, HEAD OF GLOBAL PUBLIC FIXED-INCOME MARKETS
April 25, 2014
Favorable first-quarter earnings releases during the past week helped the S&P 500 Index get off to a solid start. However, as the week drew to a close and tensions in Ukraine intensified, U.S. equities erased their earlier gains. European equities also fell on Friday, erasing more than half of their previous four-day advance. Chinese stocks moved lower throughout the week amid more evidence of China’s slowing economy. Other emerging equity markets followed suit.
U.S. fixed-income markets realized modestly positive returns during the week. Investment-grade corporate bonds and mortgage-backed securities were among the better performers through April 24, based on Barclays indexes. U.S. Treasury prices rose, and their yields fell, benefiting from weaker U.S. housing data and increased demand for safer assets amid a continuing escalation of tensions in Ukraine. The closing yield on the 10-year Treasury dipped from 2.73% at the beginning of the week to 2.65% in midday trading on April 25. Overall, fund flows continued to support nearly all fixed-income asset categories.
Data released during the week underscored both patches of weakness and areas of improvement in the U.S. economy.Housing market indicators continued to soften, and it appears increasingly likely this will be a slow spring for housing across the country. Industrial activity continued to pick up in March, evidenced by a number of key measures: Other positive data released during the week included:
European economic readings and corporate earnings releases have been encouraging. April’s Markit PMI for the eurozone rose to 53.3, led by Germany. We remain somewhat cautious, however, because Europe’s favorable picture may be temporarily skewed by a mild winter. If so, we could see a loss of momentum going forward. Financial markets seem less concerned about this prospect, as investors expect the European Central Bank (ECB) to pursue further monetary stimulus under any scenario, given the potential for harmful deflation. We believe the ECB is gearing up for a further interest-rate cut, followed by additional stimulative measures later in the year.
The jury is still out as to whether Japan’s monetary policies are working effectively to boost inflation, but in our view the most recent data is not promising. The March headline figure came in at 1.6% year-over-year. However, the core measure that removes volatile energy and food prices — a better guide to future inflation movements — was up only 0.7%. We believe this will push the Bank of Japan one step closer to enacting further stimulus measures.
Chinese economic releases were again less than stellar. At 48.3, the flash PMI published by HSBC stayed below 50 in April, although the slight uptick (+0.3) marked the first increase in six months. While the risk of further slowing and a potential "hard" economic landing in China is real, the modest improvement in PMI may be one sign that stimulus measures are beginning to have a positive impact. In addition, if the government can stave off a collapse in real estate prices, this sector of the economy could offset sharply lower investment spending. Elsewhere in the emerging markets, economic expectations remain broadly weak, although conditions vary widely among individual countries.
It now appears that March was the strongest month of the first quarter and may have provided some momentum heading into the second. On balance, the economy is moving in the right direction following the winter slowdown.Overall, the backdrop for U.S. equities is favorable. First-quarter earnings results have been better than expected, interest rates remain low, and in our view, valuations are not stretched. An increase in mergers and acquisitions activity is also supporting the market, as low rates, improving confidence, and abundant cash levels are driving U.S. corporations to deploy capital.In fixed-income markets, rising interest rates are still a risk, given the gradual strengthening of the U.S. economy. We expect market volatility to increase as the year progresses and Fed tapering winds down. The recent outperformance of emerging-market debt is likely to fade, while investment-grade corporate bonds appear poised to rally further.
TIAA-CREF Asset Management provides investment advice and portfolio management services to the TIAA-CREF group of companies through the following entities: Teachers Advisors, Inc., TIAA-CREF Investment Management, LLC, and Teachers Insurance and Annuity Association® (TIAA®). Teachers Advisors, Inc., is a registered investment advisor and wholly owned subsidiary of Teachers Insurance and Annuity Association (TIAA). Past performance is no guarantee of future results
Foreign stock market returns are stated in U.S. dollars unless noted otherwise.
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